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Chapter 18 Practice Quiz



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
 
APPLYING MAIN IDEAS
 

1. 

Which statement BEST summarizes early Reconstruction efforts?
a.
Congress agreed to support Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan.
b.
Lincoln signed the Wade-Davis Bill into law.
c.
Lincoln signed a bill establishing the Freedmen’s Bureau.
d.
Congress overrode Lincoln’s veto of the black codes.
 

2. 

Why did conflict erupt shortly after the assassination of President Lincoln?
a.
Southern Congressmen pushed President Johnson’s Radical Reconstruction plan.
b.
Republicans disapproved of President Johnson’s Reconstruction plan.
c.
Republicans enacted the black codes against the wishes of southern Congressmen.
d.
Southern Congressmen set up a Joint Committee on Reconstruction.
 

3. 

Why did southern states agree to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment?
a.
Ratification of the amendment helped their states win presidential approval to rejoin the Union.
b.
The amendment called for a majority of white men in each state to swear loyalty to the United States.
c.
The amendment banned slavery throughout the United States.
d.
The amendment laid the foundation for the South’s public school system.
 

4. 

Why did Reconstruction governments increase taxes after the Civil War?
a.
to punish the South for starting the Civil War
b.
to cover the costs of rebuilding the North
c.
to cover the costs of rebuilding the South
d.
to cover mismanaged money spent by corrupt government officials
 

5. 

Which of the following required freedmen to know certain sections of the Constitution in order to vote?
a.
poll taxes
c.
Jim Crow laws
b.
literacy tests
d.
grandfather clauses
 

6. 

Which of the following early Reconstruction measures directly contributed to the education of former slaves?
a.
the Wade-Davis Bill
c.
the Freedman’s Bureau
b.
the Ten Percent Plan
d.
the Thirteenth Amendment
 

7. 

What state laws unfairly used economic status to deny African Americans their right to vote?
a.
grandfather clauses
c.
Jim Crow laws
b.
poll taxes
d.
literacy tests
 
 
APPLYING MAIN IDEAS

Senator Charles Sumner on the
trial of Andrew Johnson, 1868
“Driven from these legislative chambers, driven from the
field of war, this monstrous power has found a refuge in
the Executive Mansion . . . where in utter disregard of the
Constitution and laws, it seeks to exercise its ancient
sway.”
 

8. 

Which of these people would have been most likely to agree with this statement?
a.
President Andrew Johnson
c.
Jefferson Davis
b.
Congressman Thaddeus Stevens
d.
Alexander Stephens
 

9. 

To which of the following does the phrase “monstrous power” probably refer?
a.
slavery
c.
the Fourteenth Amendment
b.
the Fifteenth Amendment
d.
abolition
 

10. 

Which of the following is the BEST interpretation of Sumner’s opinion?
a.
By his actions, President Johnson is eliminating the last traces of slavery in the South.
b.
There is not enough evidence to impeach President Johnson.
c.
By his actions, President Johnson is allowing slavery in the South to continue.
d.
By his harsh policies toward Southern states, President Johnson is acting like a dictator.
 



 
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